In Child 44 in theaters Friday , adapted from the first installment of Tom Rob Smith's book trilogy, Tom Hardy is investigating the suspicious death of a child in Stalinist USSR, where crime doesn't officially exist because "murder is strictly a capitalist disease.
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In The Man From U. Two months later Oct. This summer, Gerard Butler starts production on the spy thriller Hunter Killer, about a crisis between the Russians and the USA that almost leads to war. And, of course, there's the acclaimed FX series The Americans , just renewed for a fourth season. Keri Russell and Matthew Rhys star as a pair of undercover KGB agents working and living in '80s Washington, making spies relevant — and sexy. Cool clothing, real villains. We can be romantic about this past since it's outside the zone for so many in the moviegoing audience — they were born after ," says Mitchell Block, a movie producer and University of Southern California film professor.
Drone missions. Cyberhacking, because cyberhacking is a form of spying. I grew up in that era. The stakes were very, very high. For you, is there solace looking at heroic people in history? Donovan could work in tremendous secrecy at a time when there was no social media.
Using Film as Cold War Diplomacy
How did you find out about this story? A British playwright named Matt Charman presented me with this incredible story about the spy swap. Even though this film was more of an intellectual spy drama, a little more about the art of negotiation and conversation, there was still spycraft that really got me excited.
The film business has always been competitive with television, and in the early age of television, some of the greatest writers worked in television. Then television became very formulaic.
But something has happened in the last seven or eight years. Some of the greatest writing today is for television. Because if they can get something like that in a movie theater, where that particular story is only playing in a movie theater, it might get more people out to the movies. So the filmmakers can take more of a risk? I think television has helped the independent cinema and that the independent cinema has inspired long-form television. This is the second golden age of television, absolutely. This in itself lends the film to being one of propaganda, not just to the love of America but to support the American government.
This can be clearly observed in the change of heart each character has at the end of the film when Mr. Ohman tell them they must change who they are. Within the film Congressman Harroway highlights that he and members of congress were not vigilant enough in protecting the nation against both foreign and domestic enemy threats. This is an acknowledgement of Joseph McCarthy and his cohorts. Firstly while it is clearer in Invasion USA, The Woman on Pier 13 also contains a lesson and cautionary tale for audiences; both films also feature confirmed propaganda techniques aimed to influence the thoughts and feelings of viewers towards America and its Government.
His work soon became a powerful tool in the east-west information war as both official and unofficial propagandists exploited his novel and cult favourite Nineteen Eighty Four. The Soviet Communist Party condemned Orwell for his predictions and issued an import ban which lasted till the late s.
In January Rathvon asked for advice from Sol Stein on the films screen play and publicity for the film Shaw, This in turn led to the film also being overseen by the CIA supervised American Committee for Cultural Freedom, the feature was altered to associate Big Brother more with communism. The CIA admits to also having an impact on scripts during pre- production Alford, Stein argued that for the film to do justice to the book and make sure audiences are aware of the dangers posed by present day communism the production had to be as contemporary as possible.
Stein emphasised throughout that should play more like a reality than fiction Shaw, From the very beginning of the film it is clear that in a similar fashion to The Woman on Pier 13 and Invasion USA, aims to create fear and to warn viewers of a future where communism has taken over all of the freedoms that America prides itself on. The film ends in a similar way to how it started, with a narrator. This phrasing stands out as it can be interpreted to exemplify the American influence on what was originally thought to be a film with no Cold War Hollywood influence, however undeniably through the use of the word freedom it is clear that this version of has been tarnished with pro-American, anti-communist propaganda.
What sets apart from The Woman on Pier 13 and Invasion USA is that it is less directed towards creating red scare paranoia as the culture surrounding it had begun to subside somewhat in the mid s to s.
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In this version of there is a heavy theme of romance running throughout the whole film, from previous research it is known that the idea of love and family is something which the US government wanted the public to believe that communists were against. In one scene near the beginning of the film, Winston visits an antique shop, he is invited upstairs by the shopkeeper where Winston sees a picture of a church, the shopkeeper asking Winston if he knows what that is.
From this exchange it is suggested that religion has been abolished by Big Brother.
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This mirrors a Russian Communist policy which also aims to eradicate religion, something the American Government was strongly against. Mentions throughout the film to a 9 year plan are also references to policies found within Russia at the time. When you combine all of these instances with the warnings placed at the beginning and the end of the film it is easy to come to the conclusion that the film has been produced to act as a propaganda aid.
Sarah Dunn Word Count: 10, Page 27 of 34 Reception of failed to match expectations of the films backers. People on both the political right and left thought that either the ending was more true to life or missed it altogether. In turn this suggests that the majority of normal viewers would have been ignorant to the distorted version of Nineteen Eighty Four they had been presented with.
To some the project therefore may have served as a painful lesson on the difficulties of constructing effective propaganda when both the political and commercial interests were not in union. However despite the films weaknesses many audience members would have left the cinema having their fears of the Soviet Union confirmed Shaw, Bailey, Jr.
The novel was called Seven Days In May. Curtis LeMay; during the interview the military officer said off the record that Kennedy was cowardly in the way he handled the Bay of Pigs crisis. From that Bailey and Knebal created a tale of a right wing military coup. JFK was quickly taken in by the book and shared it with his brother and other members of their inner circle. JFK soon made it his mission to ensure that a movie was made of the book so that he could hit back at extremist enemies.
Reportedly Kennedy was appalled by the details of how many missiles would be used and the destruction they would cause. Kiger reports that Kennedy himself contacted Director John Frankenheimer to make the film. For his defiance Frankenheimer was refused permission to film at the Pentagon, however in spite of this Frankenheimer secretly filmed entrance and exit shots of the building by hiding the camera in the back of a station wagon and driving and parking up at the Pentagon. Before they were discovered Douglas turned around, walked out and drove away. Sarah Dunn Word Count: 10, Page 29 of 34 In the autumn of events of the now finished but unreleased film began to mirror real life.
In late October Gen. Walker, an officer who had been forced out of his command for having extremist views, gave an anti-Kennedy speech and tried to start a mob of rioters to create disruption at a Dallas appearance of United Nations Ambassador Adlai Stevenson. The Ambassador himself was assaulted by a protester who hit him on the head with a placard. This fight was strangely similar to the one in the movie. This was done out of fears it would be too provocative.
This was a move which saved the studio from a very ignominious coincidence on the day JFK was shot Kiger, At one point during the film the President compares Gen.click here
Scott to Gen. McCarthy, this will have struck a significant chord with many of the viewers as they will have all seen the rise and fall of Gen. At the period this film was released the Cold War in America and Hollywood had reached a turning point which was less paranoid about the spread of communism and looking more towards preventing an all-out nuclear war. Although some American citizens still supported the use of bombs as a deterrent to communism there was a growing number, especially in the younger generation who grew up during the Cold War that advocated for peace and a solution which removes the need for violent warfare.
At the very end of the film however once Gen.
This however does not mean that the producers didn't try. This technique is used by the propagandist to make the public follow the crowd or in this case the decisions and beliefs held by the American Government. Conclusion At the beginning of this study the aim was to discover the impact the Cold War had on Hollywood in regard to its output of films and how said films featured propaganda techniques to influence, reflect and reinforce the people of America during the time period to Ultimately it is easy to see that communism had a huge impact on Hollywood and the films in produced throughout the Cold War.
Whether they were attacking communism directly as seen in The Woman on Pier 13 or creating a films like Invasion USA and which acted as a warning for the future if communism was not stopped it is clear that the producers of these films all considered the thoughts and opinions of both the public and the American government when deciding on what angle to take on the Cold War and fight against communism. Sarah Dunn Word Count: 10, Page 32 of 34 Overall the idea that the Cold War led towards the production of propaganda filled films throughout the late s to early s is incredibly difficult to deny.
The evidence found both within a critical evaluation of each film as well as an exploration of the contexts surrounding the production of each film clearly exemplifies the stance that both Hollywood and the American Government took towards tackling the Cold War, and what many feared as the rise of communism.
In the introduction, the idea that the use of Hollywood and pop culture had an influence on the result of the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union was used to create a ground to effectively find the result on how Hollywood, in turn, had a result on the Cold War. Undeniably this dissertation has discovered that both the American Government and Hollywood played a key role in attaining the hearts and minds of the American public during the Cold War.
Sarah Dunn Word Count: 10, Page 33 of 34 6. Bibliography Directed by Michael Anderson. London: Pluto Press. Westport: Greenwood Press. History News Network. Berkeley: University of California Press. Retrieved from: blogs.
The Harvard Crimson. New York: Oxford University Press. Robb, D. New York: Prometheus Books. Rogin, M. Abingdon: Routledge.